# Creating Geometry With VEX

Free Tutorials

Did you ever wonder how to create polygons and polylines through code in Houdini. It’s a straigtforward concept. But you have to know some things about the way Houdini organizes and stores geometry in memory. In this tutorial Manuel will walk you through the process of creating geometry with VEX in a wrangle. After some theory he’ll show you how to generate a closed polygon. Then you’ll learn how to connect neighbouring points with polylines to create a “plexus” style effect.

The basic sequence of geo creation is the following:

• Create the points with addpoint()
• Create an empty primitive to later store the connectivity information
• Add as many vertices as you like with addvertex() to the primitive
• Update the point references, these vertices are storing

Update from Vimeo by Zybrand Jacobs:

Great tutorials guys! Its probably worth adding that you are creating 2 overlapping primitives between near points. Depending on the situation you can optimize the geometry even more by using a >= point number rather than the ==. That should half the primitives but still look the same.

### 45 Comments

1. Thnak you somuch really interesting!

2. Thanks a lot for this. Very helpful for Houdini newb’s like me.

3. Hello, thank you very much for your lessons!
Could you tell us in your lessons about render in Houdini?

4. Thanks, really useful!
Is there a way to animate that building up? Not just edges poping, but really drawing the connections?

• Manuel

Of course. In Houdini there’s always a way. A simple hint could be to try the carve SOP on the generated geo. But before doing so you have to get rid of the duplicate connections this setup generates. This is a little more complicated. Stuff for another tutorial…

5. Nick

Absolutely stunning.
I would be very intersted in seeing how you rendered this.

• Manuel

Thank you. I created geometry in Houdini with the polywire node and exported to C4D/Octane for rendering. As neither C4D, nor Octane support per point colors or Cd I used a trick. I mapped the uvs of the geo to the range 0 to 1 in x and used this value to drive an Octane gradient for the colors. Worked quite well.

• Ewan

I tried creating a digital asset but when I try and open it in C4D I don’t see anything. Any advice?

• Ewan

I managed to get it to show up only after putting it through a wireframe node which makes the viewport very laggy so if there is a more efficient way of doing it I would love to know! Thanks for the tutorial, sorry if this question is obvious as I am new to Houdini.

• Manuel

The houdini engine in C4D does not support spines aka polylines.

6. Bruno

Thank you so much ! I am a beginner in Houdini and those tutorials are really usefull.

Cheers from Brazil.

7. Oscar

Thank you very much
Hoidini does not load my files .stl and .obj someone knows for that?

8. Christian M. Enger

After completely reacreating this step by step, with several input models, The point wrangle node is not generating any lines. No errors, but no result.
Using Houdini Apprentice non-commercial 15.5.48

9. pbd

To kill the original scattered points use:

if(pnt >= @ptnum){..}

I’d be interested in the setup that remove duplicate connections though, any hint?

• Manuel

A general solution to remove duplicate lines (although it can be achieved easier in this particular setup by using a >= comparison) is to sort the points of every prim by their index and write this to a string attribute. Then use findattribval() to get the duplicates and remove them with removeprim(). You can get inspiration regarding the technique by inspecting the contents of the connectadjacentpices HDA.

10. Jelle

Thank you kindly, i learn so much from you guys.
I think the code can make a small optimization by moving the
“int line = addprim(0,”polyline”);” outside of the foreach loop (just below the nearpts array declaration).

I tested it and it works, i think its not needed to create this line over and over again. Then again i could be horribly wrong and missing something, please let me know if i am.

All the best!

Cheers!!

11. Lauren

Thanks! I finished this in a cafe today. I found your explanation of the code easy to understand. I’ll have to review a lot in order to retain it. Looking forward to trying another one of your tutorials tomorrow.

12. Gregor

Thank you for this great tutorial,
I started houdini 1 month ago and at first, i have to say, it twisted my mind ðŸ™‚
your tutorials are great ressources for a beginner like me.
but i have a newbie question about it :
how to render polylines with ramp’s colors with mantra ?

• Manuel

Put a color (Cd) on the points in SOPs and import it to your shader using a bind node. Then you can use it as diffuse color. The shader will happily interpolate between the point colors and give you a gradient.

13. Moritz

Hi!
Tank you for your tutorials guys.

Do you have an Idea how I can Create polys instead of a line with the same affect ( nearpoints) my mesh looks really messed up if i change from ‘polyline’ to ‘poly’ and I have no Idea why

• Manuel

It’s not straightforward to do so. To form a polygon you need at least 3 points. Of course you can gather 3 points (e.g. by using the second closest point) and create a polygon from them, but if this gives something useful is not necessarily the case.

14. Bella

it crashes after line

int prim = addprim(0, “poly”);

immediately in version 16

• Manuel

it should read int prim = addprim(0, “polyline”); You are not gathering enough info to create a polygon.

15. Marcus

Thanks for the tutorial. Very informative.
I’ve tried it step by step but for some reason the lines do not show up on the bottom AttributeWrangle. The points simply remain as they are. Here’s the code:

float searchrad = ch(“searchrad”);

int nearpnts[] = nearpoints(0, @P, searchrad);
int line = addprim(0, “polyline”);

foreach(int pnt; nearpnts){
if (pnt != @ptnum){

addvertex(0,line,@ptnum);
addvertex(0,line,pnt);
}
}

• Manuel

You are not creating the point to store in pnt.

• Marcus

Hello Manuel. Thank you very much for your quick reply.
When you mean to create the point to store in pnt, that is the information going from the scatter node into the first input of the wrangleNode, correct?
It is placed in the nearpnts[] array and then the foreach loop iterates through each point.

I’ve repeated it a few times with both pointwrangle and attribwrangle (I believe they’re the same node), and used the very first example you set, and unfortunately still nothing:

int nearpnts[] = nearpoints(0, @P, 0.01);
foreach(int pnt; nearpnts){
int line = addprim(0, “polyline”);
addvertex(0,line,@ptnum);
addvertex(0,line,pnt);
}

I’m using H16.0.633
Thank you.

• Manuel

Hard to tell what’s wrong. Can you send me your scene file?

• BlackPineapple

Try increasing the search radius so that the points get added to the nearpnts[] array. If you are using a large model a small radius won’t connect any points.

16. BoredEngineer

This tutorial is gone from the list under “tutorials” section. Can access it only by direct link.

• Manuel

Strange. I can access it from the “Tutorials” section.

17. Jorge Medina

Hi Manuel!
First, thanks for the tutorial.
I was playing around with this exercise but I would like to go a little bit further and would like to scatter the points over an animated surface.
I was changing some attributes values in the scatter node but didn’t find the way to keep the position of the points over the surface.
I am using an alembic file but could not find the way to avoid randomisation during the animation that makes several point give a flickering effect.

You could have a look to my first try using your tutorial:
https://u845199.dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/845199/houdini/GeometryWithVEX.mantra1.mov
and the second one trying to stabilising the scatter points.
https://u845199.dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/845199/houdini/GeometryWithVEX_rand_points.mov

18. Georgi Hristov

Might not be the most recent vid but I really liked the tutorial and I think that you explained everything just right. As a point (pun intended) of reference I am not an intermediate user but i do understand a bit of vex.

19. Patrick Krebs

Thank you this is an amazing tutorial.
If I might ask a question. Using this technique in an animation has the points and lines calculate per turn.
How would you freeze the calculation so it isn’t dynamically generating the lines per frame?

Thank you!

20. dave

Thanks for the tutorial.

In order to understand visualize better the variables, Is there some way to visualize them?

(for example the nearpnts [])

Thanks again

21. Jamie

Thanks! Very helpful

22. Hello, Manuel,
Thank you for this great tutorial, it’s a very good start. I hope to improve my skills with VEX in the future.
Best regards,
Delphine.

23. David

Excellent tutorial Thanks!

24. Thommas

Thank you for your great tutorials!
Its posted a while ago, but the effect is timeless, so i have a question and hope you read it ðŸ™‚
Is it possible to get the color of the UV texture map from the model to the geometry?
I never touched houdini but i would buy a license just for that…
Kind regards
Thommas

• Moritz

Hi Thommas,

yes, that’s rather straightforward actually:
– Transfer your UV coordinates to your points before building the connecting lines
– Use anattribfrommap to read your texture’s color values onto the points
that should be it ðŸ™‚

Cheers, Mo

25. Chaz Sutherland

Fantastic as usual. Entagma is easily my favorite Houdini resource. So good that anyone making a tutorial (on any subject) should study how it’s done here. Both of you are easy to understand, concise and thorough, and so friggin’ inspiring.

On to my question tho:

With a polyextrude to create divisions inside a font face, the aim is to take the points of each extruded division and make a unique line of each (if there’s a better way, plzzzz do tell). Then assign prim IDs to each line so I can weave from one prim line to the next (i.e. embroidery similar to your weave tut).
I’m stuck on getting these initial lines made.
The method shown here is based on distance so I’m getting gaps and unwanted bridging. My guess is to connect the points via point order… then of course how to avoid the end of one division/line jumping to the next division as it continues the ordering.
Any suggestions?

26. Kai

Hello, thanks for the tutorial and the site in general!
For me, the scattering works, but after I add an wrangler node,
I don’t see any lines at all. I’m using the code below. I’d be grateful
for any help!

``` float searchrad = ch("searchrad"); int nearpnts[] = nearpoints(0, @P, searchrad); foreach (int pnt; nearpnts) { int line = addprim(0, "polyline"); addvertex(0, line, @ptnum); addvertex(0, line, pnt); } ```

• Martins

float searchrad = ch(“searchrad”);
int nearpnts[] = nearpoints(0, @P, searchrad);

foreach (int @P; nearpnts) {

int line = addprim(0, “polyline”);
addvertex(0, line, @ptnum);
addvertex(0, line, @P);
}

27. Chantelle

Hi there, just wanted to say I really love your work and so grateful for the tutorials. I’m just have a problem with the wrangle node – everything seams to work but the polylines won’t show up. This is my code

float searchrad = ch(“searchrad”);
int nearpnts[] = nearpoints(0, @P, searchrad);
foreach(int pnt; nearpnts){
if(pnt != @ptnum){
int line = addprim(0, “polyline”);
addvertex(0, line, @ptnum);
addvertex(0, line, pnt);
}
}

Many thanks
Chantelle

• Chantelle

All good I figured it out. My object I was applying it to was quite large so changing the searchrad to above 40 worked. I’m excited to try some more of your tutorials.